One of the most popular novice lifting programs, Starting Strength is a textbook (literally) program for beginner lifters to rapidly develop proficiency with basic compound movements and get stronger.
For full support and documentation of this strength program, head over to Starting Strength.
To learn the basic movements in expert detail, I highly recommend you pick up the book.
Enjoy the Google spreadsheet below to easily calculate the weight for each workout and track progress. Easier than Excel!